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To the proposer’s knowledge, is this achievement subject to litigation? No
Is the achievement you are proposing more than 25 years old? Yes
Is the achievement you are proposing within IEEE’s designated fields as defined by IEEE Bylaw I-104.11, namely: Engineering, Computer Sciences and Information Technology, Physical Sciences, Biological and Medical Sciences, Mathematics, Technical Communications, Education, Management, and Law and Policy. Yes
Did the achievement provide a meaningful benefit for humanity? Yes
Was it of at least regional importance? Yes
Has an IEEE Organizational Unit agreed to pay for the milestone plaque(s)? No
Has an IEEE Organizational Unit agreed to arrange the dedication ceremony? No
Has the IEEE Section in which the milestone is located agreed to take responsibility for the plaque after it is dedicated? No
Has the owner of the site agreed to have it designated as an IEEE Milestone? No
Year or range of years in which the achievement occurred:
Title of the proposed milestone:
Discovery of High Temperature Superconductivity, 1986
Plaque citation summarizing the achievement and its significance:
In this building, in January 1986, J. Georg Bednorz and K. Alex Müller demonstrated superconductivity in a copper oxide ceramic at temperatures as high as 35 K. This remarkable discovery generated worldwide research activity to find compounds with even higher transition temperatures. Superconductivity causes electrical resistance to vanish, a property of great value for many applications. The two physicists received the Nobel Prize in 1987 for their important breakthrough.
In what IEEE section(s) does it reside?
IEEE Organizational Unit(s) which have agreed to sponsor the Milestone:
IEEE Organizational Unit(s) paying for milestone plaque(s):
Unit: IEEE Section Switzerland
Senior Officer Name: Han van Loon
IEEE Organizational Unit(s) arranging the dedication ceremony:
Unit: IEEE Section Switzerland
Senior Officer Name: Andreas Doering
IEEE section(s) monitoring the plaque(s):
IEEE Section: IEEE Section Switzerland
IEEE Section Chair name: Andreas Doering
Proposer name: Andreas Doering
Proposer email: Proposer's email masked to public
Please note: your email address and contact information will be masked on the website for privacy reasons. Only IEEE History Center Staff will be able to view the email address.
Street address(es) and GPS coordinates of the intended milestone plaque site(s):
IBM Research Laboratory, Rueschlikon
Describe briefly the intended site(s) of the milestone plaque(s). The intended site(s) must have a direct connection with the achievement (e.g. where developed, invented, tested, demonstrated, installed, or operated, etc.). A museum where a device or example of the technology is displayed, or the university where the inventor studied, are not, in themselves, sufficient connection for a milestone plaque.
Please give the address(es) of the plaque site(s) (GPS coordinates if you have them). Also please give the details of the mounting, i.e. on the outside of the building, in the ground floor entrance hall, on a plinth on the grounds, etc. If visitors to the plaque site will need to go through security, or make an appointment, please give the contact information visitors will need. The plaque will be installed in the park-like are of the IBM Research Laboratory. It will be publicly visible. IBM Research GmbHIBM Research - ZurichSäumerstrasse 4CH-8803 RüschlikonSwitzerland Lat 47.309272 Lon 8.545346
Are the original buildings extant?
Details of the plaque mounting:
How is the site protected/secured, and in what ways is it accessible to the public?
Currently, the area is not protected and is publicly accessible. However, because of recent terrorist threads the construction of a fence is planned. The plaque will be installed such that it will be well visible from outside the fence.
Who is the present owner of the site(s)?
What is the historical significance of the work (its technological, scientific, or social importance)?
In 1985 Georg Bednorz and Alex Mueller discovered High-Temperature Superconductivity. This breakthrough enabled many technical and scientific applications.
What obstacles (technical, political, geographic) needed to be overcome?
At that time, it was not believed that superconductivity was possible at a temperature at above 35 Kelvin. The materials used were much different from the previously used ones.
What features set this work apart from similar achievements?
While superconductivity was known before, the requirement to cool close to the absolute zero temperature made large-scale applications infeasible. The revolutionary jump of the critical temperature presents a milestone towards the technical use of superconductivity.
Supporting texts and citations to establish the dates, location, and importance of the achievement: Minimum of five (5), but as many as needed to support the milestone, such as patents, contemporary newspaper articles, journal articles, or chapters in scholarly books. 'Scholarly' is defined as peer-reviewed, with references, and published. You must supply the texts or excerpts themselves, not just the references. At least one of the references must be from a scholarly book or journal article. All supporting materials must be in English, or accompanied by an English translation.
Supporting materials (supported formats: GIF, JPEG, PNG, PDF, DOC): All supporting materials must be in English, or if not in English, accompanied by an English translation. You must supply the texts or excerpts themselves, not just the references. For documents that are copyright-encumbered, or which you do not have rights to post, email the documents themselves to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please see the Milestone Program Guidelines for more information.
Please email a jpeg or PDF a letter in English, or with English translation, from the site owner(s) giving permission to place IEEE milestone plaque on the property, and a letter (or forwarded email) from the appropriate Section Chair supporting the Milestone application to email@example.com with the subject line "Attention: Milestone Administrator." Note that there are multiple texts of the letter depending on whether an IEEE organizational unit other than the section will be paying for the plaque(s).