List of Achievements Suitable for Milestones

A suggestive list of technical achievements in IEEE's fields of interest which might be suitable for proposal as milestones. The Region number where the achievement took place is shown. This is by no means all of them, nor does an appearance on this list guarantee approval.  Please feel free to suggest others to ieee-history@ieee.org  -- or even better -- propose an achievement as a milestone.  Please consult the Milestone Guidelines for more information on the milestone process. There is also a list according to regions of milestones which have already been dedicated.

Last updated: 8 March 2017

Date Milestone Associated person Location IEEE Region
4th Century Bce Description of Use of Magnetic Compass, (could Also Be 1040-44, Book collection of Most Important Military Techniques, Kaifeng, Henan,china, Or 1117 First Written Mention of A Magnetic Compass For Maritime Navigation, Zhu Yu, Huanggang, Hubei, China) Wang Xu Defeng County, Henan, China 10
1617 Napier's Bones Napier Edinburgh, Scotland 8
1621 Slide Rule Oughtred Albury, England 8
1623 Mechanical Calculator Schichard Tuebingen, Germany 8
1642 Advanced Calculator Pascal Paris, France 8
1671 Reliable Calculator Liebniz Mainz, Germany 8
1729 Discovery of Conduction Gray London 8
1745 "Leyden Jar" type Capacitator Ewald G. von Kleist Germany 8
1746 Leyden Jar Pieter van Musschenbroek and others, debatable precedence Leyden, Netherlands, also Germany 8
1790 Galvanism Galvani Bologna, Italy 8
1808 Arc Lighting Davy England 8
1810 Electrolytic Telegraph Von Sommering Munich, Germany 8
1819 Discovery of Current/Magnetism Oersted Denmark 8
1824 Electromagnet Sturgeon London, England 8
1824 Galvanometer Ampere Paris, France 8
1824 Thermocouple Seebech Berlin, Germany 8
1828 Electric Motor Henry Albany, NY, USA 1
1828 Ohm's Law/resistance Ohm Cologne, Germany 8
1830 Bimetallic Thermostat Ure Glasgow, Scotland 8
1831 Discovery of Induction Faraday London, England 8
1833 Difference Engine Babbage Cambridge, England 8
1833 Electric Telegraph Key Gauss/weber Goettingen, Germany 8
1834 Early Electric Light Lindsay Dundee, Scotland 8
1836 Electric Telegraph Cooke & Wheatsone London, England 8
1837 Analytical Engine Babbage London, England 8
1837 Practical Electric Motor Davenport Rutland, VT, USA 1
1840 Electroplating Wright Birmingham, England 8
1840 First program Ada Augusta London, England 8
1844 Washington-Baltimore Telegraph Morse Maryland, USA 2
1850 Kirchoff's Laws Kirchoff Koenigsberg, Germany 8
1854 Electric Loom Bonelli Turin, Italy 8
1854 Printing Telegraph Hughes Kentucky, USA 3
1856 Shuttle-wound Armature Von Siemens Berlin, Germany 8
1859 Discovery of Cathode Rays Pluker Bonn, Germany 8
1859 Storage Battery Plante France 8
1860 Arc Welding Wilde London 8
1863 Early Generator Paccinotti Italy 8
1868 Primary Dry Cell Leclanche France 8
1873 DC Generator/lighthouses Gramme Belgium 8
1874 Early Electric Car Salomans Kent, England 8
1875 Electric Dental Drill Green Kalamazoo, MI, USA 4
1877 Dynamic Microphone Curtis/Reddi Boston 1
1877 Dynamic Microphone Siemens Germany 8
1877 Resistance Welding Thompson Philadelphia, Pa, USA 2
1877 Telephone Switchboard Holmes Boston, MA, USA 1
1878 Alternator Gramme/Fonta France 8
1878 Alternator Siemens Germany 8
1879 Commercial Use of Arc-lighting Brush Cleveland, Oh, USA 2
1880 Contributions of Lewis Latimer Latimer New York 1
1880 Early Hydroelectric Site Numerous Grand Rapids, MI, USA 4
1880 First Electrically Lit Town Numerous Wabash, Indiana 4
1881 Commercial Music Over Wire Cahill Holyoke, Mass., USA 1
1881 Solar-powered Pump Adams Bombay, India 10
1881 Transformer Gaulard/Gibb Paris, France 8
1882 Elektromote Trackless Car Von Siemens Halensee, Germany 8
1882 Commercial Electric Fan Crocker/Curt New York, NY, USA 1
1882 Early Hydroelectric Site Brush Minneapolis, MN, USA 4
1882 Early Hydroelectric Site Calder/Barre Surrey, England 8
1882 Electric Iron Seely New York, NY, USA 1
1882 Electric Mine Railway Von Siemens Saxony, Germany 8
1885 Magnetic Circuit Theory Hopkinson London, England 8
1885 Mass Production of Edison Lamps Thomson Lynn, Ma 1
1886 Bayonet Cap Light Bulb Swan Newcastle-on-Tyne, England 8
1886 Electric Heater Burton Richmond, VA, USA 3
1886 Electric Submarine Peral Spain 8
1886 Electrolytic Reduction of Aluminium Hall Oberlin, OH, USA 2
1886 Electrolytic Reduction of Aluminium Herault Paris, France 8
1886 First Electric Trolley System Numerous people Montgomery, AL, USA 3
1887 Electric Elevator Von Siemens Mannheim, Germany 8
1888 AC Induction Motor Tesla New York 1
1888 AC Induction Motor Ferraris Turin, Italy 8
1889 Automatic Telephone Exchange Strowger Kansas City, MO, USA 4
1889 Marmelos Zero Hydro Plant Numerous Minas Gerais, Brazil 9
1890 Electric Motor Car Morrison Des Moines, Iowa 4
1890 High-frequency Generator Thomson Chicago, USA 4
1890 Long-distance AC Transmission Numerous Inventors Williamette Falls, Or 6
1890 Punched-card Machine Holerith Washington, DC, USA 2
1892 Lorentz Paper On The Electron Lorentz Benelux section 8
1893 Coney Island Electric Escalator Reno Brooklyn, NY, USA 1
1895 X-rays Roentgen Wuerzburg, Germany 8
1897 CRT Braun Strausbourg, Germany 8
1897 Discovery of Electron Thomson Cambridge, England 8
1899 Loading Coil Pupin At&t, 1
1899 Magnetic Recording Poulsen Denmark 8
1901 Electric Typewriter Cahill Washington, DC, USA 2
1901 Mercury Discharge Lamp Cooper Hewit, NY, USA 1
1902 Early Broadcast Stubblefield Murphy, KY, USA 3
1902 Oscilloscope Ryan Ithaca, NY, USA 1
1902 George Darby's Patent For Electrical Heat And Smoke Detector Birmingham England 8
1904 Transposition of AC lines Frank Fowle New York, NY 1
1906 Crystal Detector Dunwoody/Pic Washington, DC, USA 2
1906 Crystal Detector Braun Germany 8
1906 Sound Film Lauste Brixton, England 8
1906 Telephone Amplifier Tube Von Lieben Vienna, Austria 8
1906 Triode DeForrest US 1
1906 Electromagnetic Seismograph Dorpat Estonia or St. Petersburg, Russia 8
1907 Cinema Projection System Bell and Howell USA 4
1907 Upright Vacuum Cleaner Spangler New Berlin, OH, USA 2
1910 Ni-Cd Battery Jungner Sweden 8
1910 Radio Direction Finder Bellini/Tosiboulogne France 8
1910 Tungsten Filament Coolidge Us 1
1911 Automobile Self Starter Kettering Dayton, OH, USA 2
1914 Electric Traffic Light Benesch Cleveland, OH, USA 2
1915 1st Transcontinental Telephone Bell and Watson San Francisco 6
1915 2nd Transcontinental Telephone Bell and Watson Washington, DC, USA 3
1916 Radio Telephone Numerous Arlington, Virginia 2
1916 Radio Telephone Numerous San Francisco 6
1917 Superheterodyne Armstrong Columbia University, New York City 1
1917 Superheterodyne Levy France 8
1917 VHF Marconi Wales 8
1918 Electric Refrigerator Wales Et Al. Detroit, USA 4
1918 Practical AC Clock Warren Ashland, MA, USA 1
1919 Neutrodyne Hazeltine Hoboken NJ, USA 1
1919 Permanent Electrostatic Fields Eguchi Japan 10
1921 Magnetron Hall Schenectady, NY, USA 1
1923 PNJ Interconnection Numerous Valley, Forge, PA, USA 1
1924 Stereo Phonography Keller Bell Labs 1
1925 Cinemascope Chretien France 8
1925 Electrodynamic Loudspeaker Numerous Schenectady, NY, USA 1
1925 Quartz Crystal Watch Numerous New York 1
1926 All-electric Gramaphone Brunswick Chicago, USA 4
1926 Mechanical TV/1st TV License Baird London, England 8
1926 South Africa Lightning Research Numerous Capetown, South Africa 8
1927 1st Commercial Movie with Sound (Talkie) The Jazz Singer Numerous Inventors Hollywood, USA 6
1927 All-electric Juke Box Harrison WestChicago, USA 4
1927 Differential Analyzer Bush Cambridge, MA, USA 1
1927 Negative Feedback Amp Black Bell Labs 1
1927 Pentode Holst/Tellegen Eindhoven, Netherlands 8
1927 Pop-up Toaster Strite Stillwater, MN, USA 4
1927 Technicolor Kalmusetal Cambridge, MA, USA 1
1928 All-electronic TV Farnsworth USA 6
1928 Geiger Tube Geiger/Mulletuebingen Germany 8
1929 Coaxial Cable Numerous New York, NY, USA 1
1929 Electro-encephalogram Berger Jena, Germany 8
1929 Electron Microscope Knoll/Ruska Berlin, Germany 8
1929 Recording Tape Pfleumer Austria, 8
1930 Fm Armstrong Columbia University, New York City 1
1931 Commercial Electric Guitar Rickenbacker Los Angeles, CA, USA 6
1931 Crystal Microphone Sawyer Cleveland Hts., OH, USA 2
1931 Electric Razor Schick Stamford, CT, USA 1
1931 Iconoscope Zworykin Pittsburgh, PA, USA 2
1932 TVA Numerous Muscle Shoals, AL 3
1933 Wind Turbine Connected To Grid Balaclava Ukraine 8
1934 Tone Wheel Electric Organ Hammond/Hane Chicago, IL, USA 4
1934 Diesel-electric Traction Kettering Cleveland, OH, USA 2
1934 Radio Beam Aerial Navigation Plendl Rechlin, Germany 8
1935 Early Radar Watson-Watt London, England 8
1935 IBM Mass-prod. Electric Typewriter numerous Endicott, NY, USA 1
1936 AEG magnetophone Rec. & Tape Numerous Berlin, Germany 8
1936 Boulder Dam Numerous Boulder City, NV, USA 6
1938 Klystron Varian brothers Silicon Valley, CA, USA 6
1938 Xerography Carlson New York, NY, USA 1
1939 1st Electronic-digital Computerat Anasoff/Beames IA, USA 4
194? Magnetic Resonance Imaging Felix Bloch, Edward Purcell Stanford and Harvard, USA 1
1941 Honeywell Electronic Autopilot Numerous Minneapolis, MN, USA 4
1941 Grandpa's Knob Wind Turbine Putnam Grandpa's Knob, VT 1
1943 IBM Mark I Numerous Endicott, NY, USA 1
1943 Special-purpose Electronic Computer (colossus) Newman/Flowers Buckinghamshire, England 8
1946 Project Diana (ASC Electronics) Numerous Inventors Wall, NJ, USA 1
1948 Atomic Clock/C-14 Dating Libby Chicago, IL, USA 4
1948 Experimental Cable TV Numerous Inventors Oregon, USA 6
1948 LP Goldmark CBS Laboratories, NewYork, USA 1
1949 Electric Guitar Fender Anaheim, CA, USA 6
1952 Cinerama Numerous New York, USA 1
1952 Compiler Hopper Eckert-Mauchly Co., Philadelphia, PA, USA 1
1952 Magnetic Core Memory Wang Harvard University, 1
1952 Univac I Mauchley/Eckert Philadelphia, pa, USA 2
1954 Regency Portable Transistor Radpies&Koch Indianapolis, In, USA 4
1956 Commercial Nuclear Power Generation Shippingport PA, USA 2
1956 Fortran Programming Language Backus New York, 1
1956 IBM Comm. Magnetic Memory Core Numerous SanJose, CA, USA 6
1956 Atomichron National Co. Inc Melrose, Massachusetts, USA 1
1956 Flight Data Recorder ("black Box") Ryan University of Minnesota, MN, USA 4
1957 Defibrillator and cardiopulmonary resuscitation Kouwenhoven/Knickerbocker/Jude/Safars Johns Hopkins U., Baltimore, MD, U.S.A. 2
1957 Alkaline battery Lewis Urry Eveready Lab, Cleveland, OH, U.S.A. 2
1958 TI Silicon Junction Transistor Teal TI, Dallas, TX, USA 5
1958 Van Allen Belts Van Allen Ames, IA, USA 4
1959 Point-to-point Microwave Radio Numerous Vancouver, Canada 7
1959 Texaco/TR Computer-Controlled Numerous Port Arthur, Tx, USA 5
1959 Tunnel Diode Esaki Tokyo, Japan 10
1960 COBOL Numerous Washington, DC, USA 2
1962 GE LED Numerous Syracuse, NY, USA 1
1962 Implantable Pacemaker Greatbach Clarence, NewYork 1
1962 Unimation Industrial Robot Numerous Danbury, Ma, USA 1
1962 Space War: 1st Computer Game Russell/Graetz/Wiitanen Brand, Stanford University, USA 6
1963 Langmuir Lab Numerous New Mexico 6
1963 Instant replay Tony Verna Philadelphia 2
1964 Basic Kurtz Hanover, NH, USA 1
1964 IBM 360 Numerous Endicott, NY, USA 1
1964 Laser Holography Numerous Inventors Ann Arbor, MI, USA 4
1964 Voltage-controlled Music Synth Moog Trumansburg, NY, USA 1
1965 PDP-8 Numerous Boston, MA, USA 1
1965 Affordable Home Smoke Detector Lakewood Colorado, USA 5
1967 Dolby Sound Dolby London, England 1
1967 Viterbi Algorithm Viterbi California, USA 6
197? Computer Assisted Tomography (CAT) scans Allan Cormack and Godfrey Hounsfeld England 8
1970 Pascal Wirth Zurich, Switzerland 8
1970 Codd's Relational Database Paper Codd San Jose, CA, USA 6
1971 Intel 4004 Grove et al. Silicon Valley, USA 6
1971 Microprocessor Hoff et al. Silicon Valley, USA 6
1972 Cochlear Implant Graeme/Clark Australia 10
1972 Xerox Alto Palo Alto CA, USA 6
1973 Ethernet Metcalfe EtPaloAlto, CA, USA 6
1974 First PCs (Scelbi-8h Mark-8 A) Numerous Englewood, NJ, USA 1
1979 Oracle Database Ellison Menlo Park, CA, USA 6
1980 Mandelbrot article on fractals Mandlebrot Yorktown Heights, NY, USA 1
1981 Scanning Tunneling Microscope IBM Labs Zurich, Switzerland 8
1982 Sun 1 Palo Alto CA, USA 6
1990 Daubechie wavelet (used for signal processing) Ingrid Daubechie at Courant Institute New York City, USA 1