Edit Proposal: Milestone-Proposal:URUCIB You do not have permission to edit this page, for the following reason: You are not currently logged in. The action you have requested is limited to users in the group: Users. Please log in or create an account. Docket ID: (admins only) Thank you for proposing a technical achievement for possible recognition as an IEEE Milestone in Electrical Engineering and Computing. Your efforts help preserve the heritage of technology. Detailed information on the Milestone application process may be found at: Milestone Guidelines and How to Propose a Milestone. At least one of the proposer(s) must be an IEEE Member (including Student Member) in good standing. To the proposer’s knowledge, is this achievement subject to litigation? If the answer is "yes", the proposal cannot proceed further. Yes No You must be able to answer "yes" to all of the following questions. If the answer to any of the following questions is "no", the proposal cannot proceed further. Contact us at email@example.com if you are unable to answer "yes" to all of the following and would still like to proceed. Is the achievement you are proposing more than 25 years old? Yes No Is the achievement you are proposing within IEEE’s designated fields as defined by IEEE Bylaw I-104.11, namely: Engineering, Computer Sciences and Information Technology, Physical Sciences, Biological and Medical Sciences, Mathematics, Technical Communications, Education, Management, and Law and Policy. Yes No Did the achievement provide a meaningful benefit for humanity? Yes No Was it of at least regional importance? Yes No Has an IEEE Organizational Unit agreed to pay for the milestone plaque(s)? Yes No Has an IEEE Organizational Unit agreed to arrange the dedication ceremony? Yes No Has the IEEE Section in which the milestone is located agreed to take responsibility for the plaque after it is dedicated? Yes No Has the owner of the site given permission to place an IEEE plaque? Yes No Year or range of years in which the achievement occurred: Title of the proposed milestone. (Include date or date range in title. Example: “Alternating Current Electrification, 1886”) Please provide a plaque citation in English summarizing the achievement and its significance. Text absolutely limited by plaque dimensions to 70 words; 60 is preferable for aesthetic reasons. NOTE: The IEEE History Committee shall have final determination on the wording of the citation. Names of living persons are not normally used in citations. Exceptions to this are cases where the person's name is linked to the achievement itself (e.g. the Lempel-Ziv algorithm, Maxwell's Equations, etc.) or where the person's name is so widely recognizeable to the general public that it makes sense to use it. When used, the names should be the names of the engineers, scientists, or technologists who actually made the achievement, rather than managers or executives. For more information and suggestions about writing milestone citations, please visit Helpful Hints on Citations, Plaque Locations. URUguay CIBernético was a pioneering Executive Information System designed and implemented for the Presidency of Uruguay, later exported to other countries. The system created a data network and incorporated advanced cybernetic modeling and statistical techniques to detect incipient instabilities in the country’s situation. It had an intuitive graphical human interface allowing decision making based on the entire information presented daily at the Management Center in the President´s office. In what IEEE section(s) will the milestone plaque(s) reside? Please specify the IEEE Organizational Unit(s) which have agreed to sponsor the Milestone, and supply name and contact information for the senior officer from those OU(s). Sponsorship has three aspects: 1) Payment for the cost of the plaque(s), 2) Arranging the dedication ceremony, and 3) agreeing to monitor the plaque and to let IEEE History Center staff know in case the plaque needs to be moved, is no longer secure, etc. Number 3 must be done by the IEEE Section(s) in which the plaque(s) is located, but aspects 1 and 2 can be done by any IEEE Organizational Unit, and they need not be the same one. Please note: your email address and contact information will be masked on the website for privacy reasons. Only IEEE History Center Staff will be able to view the email address. IEEE Organizational Unit(s) paying for milestone plaque(s) Unit: Senior Officer Name: E-mail: Unit: Senior Officer Name: E-mail: IEEE Organizational Unit(s) arranging the dedication ceremony Unit: Senior Officer Name: E-mail: Unit: Senior Officer Name: E-mail: IEEE section(s) monitoring the plaque IEEE Section: IEEE Section Chair name: IEEE Section Chair e-mail: IEEE Section: IEEE Section Chair name: IEEE Section Chair e-mail: Milestone proposer(s) Proposer name: Proposer email: Proposer name: Proposer email: Street address(es) and GPS coordinates of the intended milestone plaque site(s). Please include coordinates in decimal format rather than degrees. What is the intended site(s) of the milestone plaque(s) relation to the achievement? The intended site(s) must have a direct connection with the achievement (e.g. where developed, invented, tested, demonstrated, installed, or operated, etc.). A museum where a device or example of the technology is displayed, or the university where the inventor studied, are not, in themselves, sufficient connection for a milestone plaque. Also, please Describe briefly the intended site(s) of the milestone plaque(s). (e.g. Is it corporate buildings? Historic Site? Residential? Are there other historical markers already at the site?) Are the original buildings extant? Please provide the details of the mounting, i.e. on the outside of the building, in the ground floor entrance hall, on a plinth on the grounds, etc. How is the intended plaque site protected/secured, and in what ways is it accessible to the public? If visitors to the plaque site will need to go through security, or make an appointment, please give details as well as the contact information visitors will need in order to arrange to visit the plaque. Who is the present owner of the site(s)? In the space below, please describe in detail: the historic significance of the achievement, its importance to the evolution of electrical and computer engineering and science, its importance to regional/national/international development, its benefits to humanity, the ways the achievement was a significant advance rather than an incremental improvement of existing technology. The material submitted here will constitute the main descriptive article on the ETHW website for readers to learn about the milestone. Space is unlimited, and detail is encouraged. Most milestones require 1000 to 1500 words of support, however there is no word limit. The article should be readable by a wide audience that includes practicing engineers, scholars of history, and the general public. Some examples of the text of good milestone articles are First Radio Astronomical Observations Using Very Long Baseline Interferometry] and G3_Facsimile International Standardization of G3 Facsimile (Do not worry about the formatting of the page, IEEE History Center Staff will do that afterwards.) What is the historical significance of the work (its technological, scientific, or social importance)? Starting from scratch, an Executive Information System for the office of the President of the Republic of Uruguay was designed, built, and put into service resorting to cybernetics’ cutting edge principles. The concept of having on-line information available for decision making was truly revolutionary. There had only been a frustrated previous case in Chile, twelve years before. In 1985 there was neither Internet nor mobile phones -it was prior to the computer and information revolution. In Uruguay, power, water, oil and telecommunications are provided by state companies, and report to the president. Most information and key indicators of government units were only available on delayed yearly reports. In the private sector the situation was similar - or worse. After years of dictatorship, the Executive Branch needed daily, almost real-time information of key variables, to evaluate the situation of the country, provide early-detection of possible problems, and make well informed, correct decisions. URUCIB’s visionary aim was to provide this new democratic government, with a state-of-the-art tool. Man-machine interaction would allow the government to reach the most relevant and current information of the country . The challenge was to have access to public and private sources of information to be transmitted, processed, and filtered with statistical programs. Finally, a user-friendly presentation was created: figures and graphics appeared on computer screens set up in a Management Centre in the President’s office. These screens were operated with a remote-control which was easier to use than that of a television set. This information allowed the government to monitor the country's progress, anticipate potential problems, and simulate possible scenarios. It seems obvious, nowadays. But back then, it was a great novelty whose theoretical and technical assumptions were absolutely incomprehensible to ordinary people, it was like something magical, out of this world. The United Nations program for development (PNUD) helped financially. The distinguished British cybernetics expert Prof. Stafford Beer was hired as an advisor; the President of the Republic, Dr. Julio María Sanguinetti gave his enthusiastic support and project leader Eng. Victor Ganón and his devoted team were instrumental in making this trailblazing design, and successfully implementing the System. The interest aroused by URUCIB in Latin America resulted in the system being exported to the Argentine Republic and the Republic of Nicaragua, where it was used for many years. In Argentina it was installed in the Government of the Province of Buenos Aires (Governor Antonio Cafiero) and in the National President’s office (President Carlos Menem). In Nicaragua it was installed in the National President’s office (President Violeta Chamorro). In Uruguay, systems were configured for Government Agencies to be aligned with the System and it continued to be used for many years, notably by the BPS (Social Security Bank). What obstacles (technical, political, geographic) needed to be overcome? URUCIB had to overcome a myriad problems. To begin with, in 1985 there was no data network in Uruguay to transmit information from the different agencies to the President’s office. Therefore, a private data network -100% digital was designed and built in the country, resorting to telex network infrastructure. Additionally, it was necessary to develop programs to process and filter the information received (circa 1200 time series), and to detect incipient instabilities. To this end, the team resorted to the work of Harrison and Steven, a Multiprocessing Dynamic Linear Growth Model . The kernel of the statistical model was enlarged with a Decision Scheme, to allow automatic change detection. Thus, there was no need to study individual probability values in the model´s application. Finally, a Management Centre was created: a new interactive environment for group decision-making. Although Windows was not available at that time, with MS-DO the whole System had graphical representations of quantified facts, written in C language. The man-machine interface was designed bearing in mind ergonomics and that it were easy to use and learn. Given the multi and interdisciplinary character of the project, everything was not smooth sailing. Team members had different approaches to reality, so there were disagreements at times. These were overcome, to a great extent, by means of project management procedures. The project also caused confrontation with the bureaucratic structures of the agencies that provided information to the President. Eight months before the inauguration of the system, the resistance to URUCIB peaked among top managers of state agencies. An authoritarian approach was not an option, so conversations were held where parties expressed their views, discrepancies, fears, uncertainties and doubts. Ultimately, the relationship between URUCIB and these agencies was established on a very solid, legitimate and productive basis. What features set this work apart from similar achievements? 1.- Organizational Model Prof. Stafford Beer´s cybernetic organizational model called Viable System Model (VSM) was selected for the project. This model was a powerful tool to describe and make a diagnosis of most agencies. 2.- Evolutionary prototype This was a fundamental feature and permanent guiding principle during the life of the project. It was consciously decided to achieve goals and meet deadlines, rather than working on some desired refinements for future versions. 3.- Usage of Statistics Following a suggestion made by Prof. Beer, Harrison and Stevens´s linear growth model was used to design an early warning System. It monitors the behaviour of time series and their trends. This feature is seldom found in today’s business analytics systems. The Statistical treatment of information also provided: * Early detection of change in times series structure * Time series transformation. * Automatic information storage and processing. * Utilities for the description and analysis of time series. 4.- Some Operational components of URUCIB specially designed and built for the project were: A data communications network where agencies’ information automatically reached the President’s office in real time. A time series data base, with different time periods, and qualitative information, for a multiuser environment. A set of programs for information statistical processing in real time, generating warnings of incipient changes, called News. A new interactive environment for group decision-making called Management Centre. It was possible to visualize chronological data in graphic form together with contextual information. 5.- Project team The entire design and development of URUCIB was made by a team of Uruguayan professionals (economists, accountants, engineers, programmers, statisticians), led by Eng. Victor Ganón, with advice from English cybernetics Expert Prof. Stafford Beer. Supporting texts and citations to establish the dates, location, and importance of the achievement. You must supply the texts or excerpts themselves, not just the references. Minimum of five (5), but as many as needed to support the milestone, such as patents, contemporary newspaper articles, journal articles, or chapters in scholarly books. At least one of the references must be from a scholarly book or journal article. 'Scholarly' is defined as peer-reviewed, with references, and published. The full reference, in English, must be uploaded, not just the citation. See below section for details on uploading material to the website. All supporting materials must be in English, or accompanied by an English translation. [[media:urucib_oxford.pdf ]] [[media:URUCIB press.pdf]] [[media:IDRC_CRDI_CIID_June_1989_Manuscript_Report_235e.pdf]] [[media:ANALES_IEEE_1o_Seminario_Estado_de_la_Informatica_en_el_Uruguay_(2).pdf]] [[media:URUCIB Registro derechos de autor.gif]] Supporting materials (supported formats: GIF, JPEG, PNG, PDF, DOC) which can be made publicly available on the IEEE History Center’s website (i.e. unencumbered by copyright, or with the copyright holder’s permission). All supporting materials must be in English, or if not in English, accompanied by an English translation. You must supply the texts or excerpts themselves, not just the references. Images and photographs are especially appreciated, however, it is necessary that you list the copyright owner for these and obtain the copyright owner’s permission to reuse. For documents that are copyright-encumbered, or which you do not have rights to post, email the documents themselves to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please see the Milestone Program Guidelines for more information. To add attachments, first upload the file and add by adding the text: [[Media:(filename)]] For example, if the file you uploaded was named "Milestone Reference.pdf", include the text: [[Media:Milestone Reference.pdf]] in the appropriate field. [[media:Viable_system_Model.pdf]] https://www.elobservador.com.uy/nota/un-viaje-a-la-tecnologia-presidencial-uruguaya-de-los-80-2020165059 Please email a jpeg or PDF a letter in English, or with English translation, from the site owner(s) giving permission to place IEEE milestone plaque on the property, and a letter (or forwarded email) from the appropriate Section Chair supporting the Milestone application to email@example.com with the subject line "Attention: Milestone Administrator." Note that there are multiple texts of the letter depending on whether an IEEE organizational unit other than the section will be paying for the plaque(s). Submit this proposal to the IEEE History Committee for review. Only check this when the proposal is finished Summary: This is a minor edit Watch this page Cancel Retrieved from "http://ieeemilestones.ethw.org/Milestone-Proposal:URUCIB"