Milestone-Proposal:International Standardization of G3 Facsimile in 1980
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To the proposer’s knowledge, is this achievement subject to litigation?
Is the achievement you are proposing more than 25 years old?
Is the achievement you are proposing within IEEE’s designated fields as defined by IEEE Bylaw I-104.11, namely: Engineering, Computer Sciences and Information Technology, Physical Sciences, Biological and Medical Sciences, Mathematics, Technical Communications, Education, Management, and Law and Policy.
Did the achievement provide a meaningful benefit for humanity?
Was it of at least regional importance?
Has an IEEE Organizational Unit agreed to pay for the milestone plaque(s)?
Has an IEEE Organizational Unit agreed to arrange the dedication ceremony?
Has the IEEE Section in which the milestone is located agreed to take responsibility for the plaque after it is dedicated?
Has the owner of the site agreed to have it designated as an IEEE Milestone? Yes
Year or range of years in which the achievement occurred:
Title of the proposed milestone:
International Standardization of G3 Facsimile in 1980
Plaque citation summarizing the achievement and its significance:
In what IEEE section(s) does it reside?
IEEE Tokyo Section, Japan.
IEEE Organizational Unit(s) which have agreed to sponsor the Milestone:
IEEE Organizational Unit(s) paying for milestone plaque(s):
Unit: IEEE Tokyo Section
Senior Officer Name: Dr. Hideki Imai
IEEE Organizational Unit(s) arranging the dedication ceremony:
Unit: IEEE Tokyo Section
Senior Officer Name: Dr. Hideki Imai
IEEE section(s) monitoring the plaque(s):
IEEE Section: IEEE Tokyo Section
IEEE Section Chair name: Dr. Hideki Imai
Proposer name: Kaoru Wakabayashi, Ph.D.
Proposer email: Proposer's email masked to public
Please note: your email address and contact information will be masked on the website for privacy reasons. Only IEEE History Center Staff will be able to view the email address.
Street address(es) and GPS coordinates of the intended milestone plaque site(s):
NTT Cyber Communications Laboratory Group, Yokosuka-city, Kanagawa Japan. KDDI R&D Laboratories, Kamifukuoka-city, Saitama Japan.
Describe briefly the intended site(s) of the milestone plaque(s). The intended site(s) must have a direct connection with the achievement (e.g. where developed, invented, tested, demonstrated, installed, or operated, etc.). A museum where a device or example of the technology is displayed, or the university where the inventor studied, are not, in themselves, sufficient connection for a milestone plaque.
Please give the address(es) of the plaque site(s) (GPS coordinates if you have them). Also please give the details of the mounting, i.e. on the outside of the building, in the ground floor entrance hall, on a plinth on the grounds, etc. If visitors to the plaque site will need to go through security, or make an appointment, please give the contact information visitors will need. The plates will be installed in buildings of the NTT Cyber Communications Laboratory Group and KDDI R&D Laboratories. These were the places where the G3 type facsimile research and development was performed. Moreover, those places are where the MR method was invented.
Are the original buildings extant?
Details of the plaque mounting:
How is the site protected/secured, and in what ways is it accessible to the public?
NTT Cyber Communications Laboratory Group, Yokosuka-city, Kanagawa Japan. KDDI R&D Laboratories, Kamifukuoka-city, Saitama Japan. The plates will be installed in the main entrances in the NTT Cyber Communications Laboratory Group and KDDI R&D Laboratories. Both laboratories conduct the introduction tours for students and the public frequently.
Who is the present owner of the site(s)?
The sites are owned by NTT Corporation and by KDDI Corporation, respectively.
What is the historical significance of the work (its technological, scientific, or social importance)?
The recommendation for G3 facsimile was issued by CCITT (now ITU-T) in 1980 with the aim of establishing an international standard for ‘Redundancy suppressing digital facsimile’ based on the newly developed MR (Modified READ) method after intense discussions and examinations under Japanese leadership with international cooperation.
What obstacles (technical, political, geographic) needed to be overcome?
The biggest issue was the related intellectual rights, but this was resolved when the Japanese delegates declared at the Kyoto meeting of CCITT that if the MR method was adopted as the international standard, the patents and property rights would be offered free of charge.
What features set this work apart from similar achievements?
G3 facsimile realized the one minute facsimile by adopting the MR method, the most advanced two dimensional encoding method developed through the collaboration of NTT and KDDI. It enabled the intercommunication of all facsimiles throughout the world. The rapid standardization precluded the market from being flooded with proprietary systems, while ensuring the freedom needed to compete with additional features and reduced cost. The rapid penetration of G3 facsimile proved these achievements.
Supporting texts and citations to establish the dates, location, and importance of the achievement: Minimum of five (5), but as many as needed to support the milestone, such as patents, contemporary newspaper articles, journal articles, or chapters in scholarly books. 'Scholarly' is defined as peer-reviewed, with references, and published. You must supply the texts or excerpts themselves, not just the references. At least one of the references must be from a scholarly book or journal article. All supporting materials must be in English, or accompanied by an English translation.
Supporting materials (supported formats: GIF, JPEG, PNG, PDF, DOC): All supporting materials must be in English, or if not in English, accompanied by an English translation. You must supply the texts or excerpts themselves, not just the references. For documents that are copyright-encumbered, or which you do not have rights to post, email the documents themselves to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please see the Milestone Program Guidelines for more information.
Please email a jpeg or PDF a letter in English, or with English translation, from the site owner(s) giving permission to place IEEE milestone plaque on the property, and a letter (or forwarded email) from the appropriate Section Chair supporting the Milestone application to email@example.com with the subject line "Attention: Milestone Administrator." Note that there are multiple texts of the letter depending on whether an IEEE organizational unit other than the section will be paying for the plaque(s).