Edit Proposal: Milestone-Proposal:Eel River Back-to-Back High Voltage Direct Current Converter Station, 1972 You do not have permission to edit this page, for the following reason: You are not currently logged in. The action you have requested is limited to users in the group: Users. Please log in or create an account. Docket ID: (admins only) Thank you for proposing a technical achievement for possible recognition as an IEEE Milestone in Electrical Engineering and Computing. Your efforts help preserve the heritage of technology. Detailed information on the Milestone application process may be found at: Milestone Guidelines and How to Propose a Milestone. At least one of the proposer(s) must be an IEEE Member (including Student Member) in good standing. To the proposer’s knowledge, is this achievement subject to litigation? If the answer is "yes", the proposal cannot proceed further. None Yes No You must be able to answer "yes" to all of the following questions. 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In the space below, please describe in detail: the historic significance of the achievement, its importance to the evolution of electrical and computer engineering and science, its importance to regional/national/international development, its benefits to humanity, the ways the achievement was a significant advance rather than an incremental improvement of existing technology. The material submitted here will constitute the main descriptive article on the ETHW website for readers to learn about the milestone. Space is unlimited, and detail is encouraged. Most milestones require 1000 to 1500 words of support, however there is no word limit. The article should be readable by a wide audience that includes practicing engineers, scholars of history, and the general public. Some examples of the text of good milestone articles are First Radio Astronomical Observations Using Very Long Baseline Interferometry] and G3_Facsimile International Standardization of G3 Facsimile (Do not worry about the formatting of the page, IEEE History Center Staff will do that afterwards.) What is the historical significance of the work (its technological, scientific, or social importance)? Eel River back-to-back High Voltage Direct Current converter station, the first in the world to be completely solid state. The station is a 320Mega Watt facility, comprised of two poles of 80kVolt 2000-Ampere Direct Current. Both the New Brunswick and Hydro Quebec sides of the station operate at 230kVolt 3 phase Alternating Current. Technologically, new high current silicon solid state thyristors were coming into use and Canadian General Electric and NB Power entered an agreement to enable a demonstration plant to prove the technology. Today, a third of a century later, the plant is still in service and NB Power is considering upgrades. Politically or socially, Hydro Quebec had just built some massive hydroelectric power stations at Churchill Falls, Manicouagan and LaGrande. A block of energy would be available for a number of years. NB Power capitalized on this situation. It resulted in NB Power customers having lower electricity rates for many years. Hydro Quebec has since become a major exporter of energy and has installed a number of HVDC stations. However, Eel River was the first HVDC interconnection between Hydro Quebec and a neighbouring utility. On a reliability basis, New Brunswick with its 2000 MW power system could not be attached directly to the Hydro Quebec system because we were already tied to the North American Eastern Interconnection of some 200,000MW. Minor disturbances would have disrupted the New Brunswick system, thus affecting NB Power customers. HVDC allowed the power to be imported What obstacles (technical, political, geographic) needed to be overcome? The major technical obstacle was to obtain acceptable transient performance during disturbances. Having enough voltage support was also the challenge, and required three rotary synchronous converters and nearby 112 MVA Dalhousie Plant to maintain voltage and give the electronic station some inertia. Control systems included a governing function and a stabilizing function, both based on the judiciously weighted frequency difference of both systems. What features set this work apart from similar achievements? In previous HVDC projects, be it back to back or DC Transmission lines, the converters and inverters were constructed with vacuum tube technology known as mercury arc valves. These were prone to re-strikes, which deteriorated the transient performance of the facilities. The Nelson River project (recent milestone for 900 km HVDC transmission system) retrofitted thyristors to half of their bridges, which enabled the technology to be proven and pave the road for the Eel River Project shortly after. A converter has the Alternating Current connection at its input and the Direct current at its output. An inverter is the opposite. A converter / inverter constitutes a DC Link. If the distance is long, we call it a DC Transmission Line. If the distance is short like at Eel River (some 30' of 2000 Ampere bus), then it is a back-to-back HVDC station. Significant references to establish the dates, location, and importance of the achievement. You must supply the texts or excerpts themselves, not just the references. Minimum of five (5), but as many as needed to support the milestone, such as patents, contemporary newspaper articles, journal articles, or citations to pages in scholarly books. 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Submit this proposal to the IEEE History Committee for review. Only check this when the proposal is finished Summary: This is a minor edit Watch this page Cancel Retrieved from "http://ieeemilestones.ethw.org/Milestone-Proposal:Eel_River_Back-to-Back_High_Voltage_Direct_Current_Converter_Station,_1972"