List of Achievements Suitable for Milestones

A suggestive list of technical achievements in IEEE's fields of interest which might be suitable for proposal as milestones. The Region number where the achievement took place is shown. This is by no means all of them, nor does an appearance on this list guarantee approval.  Please feel free to suggest others to ieee-history@ieee.org  -- or even better -- propose an achievement as a milestone.  Please consult the Milestone Guidelines for more information on the milestone process.

There is also a list according to regions of milestones which have already been dedicated.

Australian IEEE Members have created a list of important technological events in Australia some of which might also be appropriate for proposal.

Last updated: 10 October 2019

Date Milestone Associated person Location IEEE Region Technical area/society
4th Century Bce Description of Use of Magnetic Compass, (could Also Be 1040-44, Book collection of Most Important Military Techniques, Kaifeng, Henan,china, Or 1117 First Written Mention of A Magnetic Compass For Maritime Navigation, Zhu Yu, Huanggang, Hubei, China) Wang Xu Defeng County, Henan, China 10 Magnetics Society, Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society, Instrumentation and Measurement Society, Vehicular Technology Society
1617 Napier's Bones Napier Edinburgh, Scotland 8 Instrumentation and Measurement Society, Computer Society
1621 Slide Rule Oughtred Albury, England 8 Instrumentation and Measurement Society
1623 Mechanical Calculator Schichard Tuebingen, Germany 8 Instrumentation and Measurement Society, Computer Society
1642 Advanced Calculator Pascal Paris or Rouen, France 8 Instrumentation and Measurement Society, Computer Society
1671 Reliable Calculator Liebniz Mainz, Germany 8 Instrumentation and Measurement Society, Computer Society, Industrial Electronics Society
1729 Discovery of Conduction Gray London 8 Circuits and Systems Society, Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation Society, Electron Devices Society
1745 "Leyden Jar" type Capacitator Ewald G. von Kleist Germany 8 Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation Society, Power and Energy Society, Electron Devices Society
1746 Leyden Jar Pieter van Musschenbroek and others, debatable precedence Leyden, Netherlands, also Germany 8 Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation Society, Power and Energy Society, Electron Devices Society
1790 Galvanism Galvani Bologna, Italy 8 Power and Energy Society, Electron Devices Society
1808 Arc Lighting Davy England 8 Electron Devices Society, Consumer Electronics Society, Power and Energy Society
1810 Electrolytic Telegraph Von Sommering Munich, Germany 8 Signal Processing Society, Professional Communication Society, Information Theory Society, Broadcast Technology Society
1819 Discovery of Current/Magnetism Oersted Denmark 8 Magnetics Society, Circuits and Systems Society, Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation Society, Electron Devices Society
1822 Fresnel Lens (lighthouses) and transverse wave theory of light Augustin Fresnel Gironde River, France 8 Power Electronics Society, Photonics Society, Vehicular Technology Society
1824 Electromagnet Sturgeon London, England 8 Electromagnetic Compatibility Society, Magnetics Society, Circuits and Systems Society, Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation Society
1824 Galvanometer Ampere Paris, France 8 Circuits and Systems Society, Electron Devices Society
1824 Thermocouple Seebech Berlin, Germany 8 Circuits and Systems Society, Electron Devices Society, Power Electronics Society
1828 Electric Motor Henry Albany, NY, USA 1 Consumer Electronics Society, Magnetics Society, Electromagnetic Compatibility Society, Vehicular Technology Society
1828 Ohm's Law/resistance Ohm Cologne, Germany 8
1830 Bimetallic Thermostat Ure Glasgow, Scotland 8 Instrumentation and Measurement Society
1831 Discovery of Induction Faraday London, England 8 Magnetics Society, Electromagnetic Compatibility Society, Power Electronics Society
1833 Difference Engine Babbage Cambridge, England 8 Power Electronics Society, Instrumentation and Measurement Society, Computer Society
1833 Electric Telegraph Key Gauss/weber Goettingen, Germany 8 Professional Communication Society, Information Theory Society, Power Electronics Society
1834 Early Electric Light Lindsay Dundee, Scotland 8 Power Electronics Society, Consumer Electronics Society
1836 Electric Telegraph Cooke & Wheatsone London, England 8 Professional Communication Society, Information Theory Society, Power Electronics Society
1837 Analytical Engine Babbage London, England 8 Computer Society, Instrumentation and Measurement Society
1837 Practical Electric Motor Davenport Rutland, VT, USA 1 Consumer Electronics Society, Magnetics Society, Electromagnetic Compatibility Society, Vehicular Technology
1840 Electroplating Wright Birmingham, England 8 Circuits and Systems Society, Electron Devices Society
1840 First program Ada Augusta London, England 8 Computer Society, Power Electronics Society
1844 Washington-Baltimore Telegraph Morse Maryland, USA 2 Information Theory Society, Power Electronics Society, Professional Communication Society
1850 Kirchoff's Laws Kirchoff Koenigsberg, Germany 8 Electron Devices Society, Power Electronics Society
1854 Electric Loom Bonelli Turin, Italy 8 Industrial Electronics Society, Power Electronics Society
1854 Printing Telegraph Hughes Kentucky, USA 3 Professional Communications Society, Industrial Electronics Society, Power Electronics Society
1856 Shuttle-wound Armature Von Siemens Berlin, Germany 8 Vehicular Technology Society, Power Electronics Society
1859 Discovery of Cathode Rays Pluker Bonn, Germany 8 Electron Devices Society, Circuits and Systems Society
1859 Storage Battery Plante France 8 Electron Devices Society, Circuits and Systems Society
1860 Arc Welding Wilde London 8 Aerospace and Electronic Systems Society, Industrial Electronics Society, Vehicular Technology Society
1868 Primary Dry Cell Leclanche France 8 Electron Devices Society, Circuits and Systems Society
1873 DC Generator/lighthouses Gramme Belgium 8 Photonics Society, Power Electronics Society, Vehicular Technology Society
1874 Early Electric Car Salomans Kent, England 8 Vehicular Technology Society, Power Electronics Society, Intelligent Transportation Society
1875 Electric Dental Drill Green Kalamazoo, MI, USA 4 Industrial Electronics Society, Power Electronics Society
1877 Dynamic Microphone Curtis/Reddi Boston 1 Professional Communication Society, Power Electronics Society
1877 Dynamic Microphone Siemens Germany 8 Professional Communication Society, Power Electronics Society
1877 Resistance Welding Thompson Philadelphia, Pa, USA 2 Vehicular Technology Society, Power Electronics Society
1877 Telephone Switchboard Holmes Boston, MA, USA 1 Professional Communications Society, Consumer Electronics Society, Circuits and Systems Society
1878 Alternator Gramme/Fonta France 8 Vehicular Technology Society, Electron Devices Society, Power and Energy Society
1878 Alternator Siemens Germany 8 Vehicular Technology Society, Electron Devices Society, Power and Energy Society
1879 Commercial Use of Arc-lighting Brush Cleveland, Oh, USA 2 Consumer Electronics Society, Industrial Electronics Society, Power Electronics Society
1880 Contributions of Lewis Latimer Latimer New York 1 Consumer Electronics Society, Industrial Electronics Society, Power Electronics Society
1880 Early Hydroelectric Site Numerous Grand Rapids, MI, USA 4 Industrial Electronics Society, Power and Energy Society, Magetics Society
1880 First Electrically Lit Town Numerous Wabash, Indiana 4 Consumer Electronics Society, Power and Energy Society, Power Electronics Society
1881 Commercial Music Over Wire Cahill Holyoke, Mass., USA 1 Professional Communication Society, Broadcast Technology Society, Signal Processing Society
1881 Solar-powered Pump Adams Bombay, India 10 Power and Energy Society, Aerospace and Electronic Systems Society
1881 Transformer Gaulard/Gibb Paris, France 8 Power and Energy Society, Electron Devices Society, Industrial Electronics Societey
1882 Elektromote Trackless Car Von Siemens Halensee, Germany 8 Vehicular Technology Society, Intelligent Transportation Systems Society, Consumer Electronics Society
1882 Commercial Electric Fan Crocker/Curt New York, NY, USA 1 Consumer Electronics Society, Power Electronics Society
1882 Early Hydroelectric Site Brush Minneapolis, MN, USA 4 Power Electronics Society, Magnetics Society, Industrial Electronics Society
1882 Early Hydroelectric Site Calder/Barre Surrey, England 8 Power Electronics Society, Magnetics Society, Industrial Electronics Society
1882 Electric Iron Seely New York, NY, USA 1 Power Electronics Society, Consumer Electronics Society
1882 Electric Mine Railway Von Siemens Saxony, Germany 8 Vehicular Technology Society, Industrial Electronics Society
1885 Magnetic Circuit Theory Hopkinson London, England 8 Magnetics Society, Circuits and Systems Society
1885 Mass Production of Edison Lamps Thomson Lynn, Ma 1 Consumer Electronics Society, Power Electronics Society
1886 Bayonet Cap Light Bulb Swan Newcastle-on-Tyne, England 8 Consumer Electronics Society, Power Electronics Society
1886 Electric Heater Burton Richmond, VA, USA 3 Consumer Electronics Society, Power Electronics Society
1886 Electric Submarine Peral Spain 8 Instrumentation and Measurement Society, Power Electronics Society, Oceanic Engineering Society, Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society
1886 Electrolytic Reduction of Aluminium Hall Oberlin, OH, USA 2 Electron Devices Society
1886 Electrolytic Reduction of Aluminium Herault Paris, France 8 Electron Devices Society
1886 First Electric Trolley System Numerous people Montgomery, AL, USA 3 Vehicular Technology Society, Intelligent Transportation Systems Society
1887 Electric Elevator Von Siemens Mannheim, Germany 8 Power Electronics Society, Industrial Electronics Society
1888 AC Induction Motor Tesla New York 1 Vehicular Technology Society, Industrial Electronics Society, Power Electronics Society
1888 AC Induction Motor Ferraris Turin, Italy 8 Vehicular Technology Society, Industrial Electronics Society, Power Electronics Society
1889 Automatic Telephone Exchange Strowger Kansas City, MO, USA 4 Professional Communication Society, Consumer Electronic Society, Signal Processing Society
1889 Marmelos Zero Hydro Plant Numerous Minas Gerais, Brazil 9 Power and Energy Society, Industrial Electronics Society
1890 Electric Motor Car Morrison Des Moines, Iowa 4 Vehicular Technology Society, Consumer Electronics Society
1890 High-frequency Generator Thomson Chicago, USA 4 Power and Energy Society, Magnetics Society
1890 Long-distance AC Transmission Numerous Inventors Williamette Falls, Or 6 Consumer Electronics Society, Power and Energy Society
1890 Punched-card Machine Holerith Washington, DC, USA 2 Computer Society, Power Electronics Society, Computational Intelligence Society
1892 Lorentz Paper On The Electron Lorentz Benelux section 8 Electron Devices Society
1893 Coney Island Electric Escalator Reno Brooklyn, NY, USA 1 Power Electronics Society, Consumer Electronics Society
1895 X-rays Roentgen Wuerzburg, Germany 8 Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Microwave Theory and Techniques Society
1897 CRT Braun Strausbourg, Germany 8 Photonics Society, Power Electronics Society, Consumer Electronics Society
1897 Discovery of Electron Thomson Cambridge, England 8 Electron Devices Society, Power and Energy Society
1899 Loading Coil Pupin At&t, 1 Power and Energy Society, Circuits and Systems Society
1899 Magnetic Recording Poulsen Denmark 8 Magnetics Society, Signal Processing Society
1901 Electric Typewriter Cahill Washington, DC, USA 2 Consumer Electronics Society, Power Electronics Society
1901 Mercury Discharge Lamp Cooper Hewit, NY, USA 1 Consumer Electronics Society, Power Electronics Society
1902 Early Broadcast Stubblefield Murphy, KY, USA 3 Broadcast Technology Society, Antennas and Propagation Society
1902 Oscilloscope Ryan Ithaca, NY, USA 1 Electron Devices Society, Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
1902 George Darby's Patent For Electrical Heat And Smoke Detector Birmingham England 8 Consumer Electronics Society, Power Electronics Society
1904 Transposition of AC lines Frank Fowle New York, NY 1 Power and Energy Society, Circuits and Systems Society
1906 Crystal Detector Dunwoody/Pic Washington, DC, USA 2 Broadcast Technology Society, Consumer Electronics Society, Circuits and Systems Society
1906 Crystal Detector Braun Germany 8 Broadcast Technology Society, Consumer Electronics Society, Circuits and Systems Society
1906 Sound Film Lauste Brixton, England 8
1906 Telephone Amplifier Tube Von Lieben Vienna, Austria 8
1906 Triode DeForrest US 1
1906 Electromagnetic Seismograph Dorpat Estonia or St. Petersburg, Russia 8
1907 Cinema Projection System Bell and Howell USA 4
1907 Upright Vacuum Cleaner Spangler New Berlin, OH, USA 2
1910 Ni-Cd Battery Jungner Sweden 8
1910 Radio Direction Finder Bellini/Tosiboulogne France 8
1910 Tungsten Filament Coolidge Us 1
1911 Automobile Self Starter Kettering Dayton, OH, USA 2
1914 Electric Traffic Light Benesch Cleveland, OH, USA 2
1915 1st Transcontinental Telephone Bell and Watson San Francisco 6
1915 2nd Transcontinental Telephone Bell and Watson Washington, DC, USA 3
1916 Radio Telephone Numerous Arlington, Virginia 2
1916 Radio Telephone Numerous San Francisco 6
1917 Superheterodyne Armstrong Columbia University, New York City 1
1917 Superheterodyne Levy France 8
1917 VHF Marconi Wales 8
1918 Electric Refrigerator Wales Et Al. Detroit, USA 4
1918 Practical AC Clock Warren Ashland, MA, USA 1
1919 Neutrodyne Hazeltine Hoboken NJ, USA 1
1919 Permanent Electrostatic Fields Eguchi Japan 10
1921 Magnetron Hall Schenectady, NY, USA 1 Magnetics Society, Microwave Theory and Techniques Society
1921 Graphical Calculator for power transmission computations Edith Clarke Schenectady, NY, USA 1 Computer Society, Instrumentation and Measurement Society
1923 PNJ Interconnection Numerous Valley, Forge, PA, USA 1 Vehicular Technology Society, Intelligent Transportation Society
1924 Stereo Phonography Keller Bell Labs 1
1925 Cinemascope Chretien France 8
1925 Electrodynamic Loudspeaker Numerous Schenectady, NY, USA 1
1925 Quartz Crystal Watch Numerous New York 1
1926 All-electric Gramaphone Brunswick Chicago, USA 4
1926 Mechanical TV/1st TV License Baird London, England 8
1926 South Africa Lightning Research Numerous Capetown, South Africa 8
1927 1st Commercial Movie with Sound (Talkie) The Jazz Singer Numerous Inventors Hollywood, USA 6
1927 All-electric Juke Box Harrison WestChicago, USA 4
1927 Differential Analyzer Bush Cambridge, MA, USA 1
1927 Negative Feedback Amp Black Bell Labs 1
1927 Pentode Holst/Tellegen Eindhoven, Netherlands 8
1927 Pop-up Toaster Strite Stillwater, MN, USA 4
1927 Technicolor Kalmusetal Cambridge, MA, USA 1
1928 All-electronic TV Farnsworth USA 6
1928 Geiger Tube Geiger/Mulletuebingen Germany 8
1929 Coaxial Cable Numerous New York, NY, USA 1
1929 Electro-encephalogram Berger Jena, Germany 8
1929 Electron Microscope Knoll/Ruska Berlin, Germany 8
1929 Recording Tape Pfleumer Austria, 8
1930 Fm Armstrong Columbia University, New York City 1
1931 Commercial Electric Guitar Rickenbacker Los Angeles, CA, USA 6
1931 Crystal Microphone Sawyer Cleveland Hts., OH, USA 2
1931 Electric Razor Schick Stamford, CT, USA 1
1931 Iconoscope Zworykin Pittsburgh, PA, USA 2
1932 TVA Numerous Muscle Shoals, AL 3
1933 Wind Turbine Connected To Grid Balaclava, Ukraine 8
1934 Tone Wheel Electric Organ Hammond/Hane Chicago, IL, USA 4
1934 Diesel-electric Traction Kettering Cleveland, OH, USA 2
1934 Radio Beam Aerial Navigation Plendl Rechlin, Germany 8
1935 Early Radar Watson-Watt London, England 8
1935 IBM Mass-prod. Electric Typewriter numerous Endicott, NY, USA 1
1936 AEG magnetophone Rec. & Tape Numerous Berlin, Germany 8
1936 Boulder Dam Numerous Boulder City, NV, USA 6
1938 Klystron Varian brothers Silicon Valley, CA, USA 6
1938 Xerography Carlson New York, NY, USA 1
1939 1st Electronic-digital Computerat Anasoff/Beames IA, USA 4
194? Magnetic Resonance Imaging Felix Bloch, Edward Purcell Stanford and Harvard, USA 1
1941 Honeywell Electronic Autopilot Numerous Minneapolis, MN, USA 4
1941 Grandpa's Knob Wind Turbine Putnam Grandpa's Knob, VT 1
1943 IBM Mark I Numerous Endicott, NY, USA 1
1948 Atomic Clock/C-14 Dating Libby Chicago, IL, USA 4 Ultrasonics, Ferroelectics, and Frequency Control Society; Signal Processing Society, Instrumentation and Measurement Society, Consumer Electronics Society, Information Theory Society
1948 Experimental Cable TV Numerous Inventors Oregon, USA 6 Broadcast Technology Society, Communications Society, Consumer Electronics Society, Information Theory Society, Signal Processing Society, Society on Social Implications of Technology
1948 LP Goldmark CBS Laboratories, NewYork, USA 1 Consumer Electronics Society, Signal Processing Society
1949 Electric Guitar Fender Anaheim, CA, USA 6
1952 Cinerama Numerous New York, USA 1
1952 Compiler Hopper Eckert-Mauchly Co., Philadelphia, PA, USA 1
1952 Magnetic Core Memory Wang Harvard University, 1
1952 Univac I Mauchley/Eckert Philadelphia, pa, USA 2
1954 Regency Portable Transistor Radpies&Koch Indianapolis, In, USA 4
1956 Commercial Nuclear Power Generation Shippingport PA, USA 2
1956 Fortran Programming Language Backus New York, 1
1956 IBM Comm. Magnetic Memory Core Numerous SanJose, CA, USA 6
1956 Atomichron National Co. Inc Melrose, Massachusetts, USA 1
1956 Flight Data Recorder ("black Box") Ryan University of Minnesota, MN, USA 4
1957 Defibrillator and cardiopulmonary resuscitation Kouwenhoven/Knickerbocker/Jude/Safars Johns Hopkins U., Baltimore, MD, U.S.A. 2
1957 Alkaline battery Lewis Urry Eveready Lab, Cleveland, OH, U.S.A. 2
1958 TI Silicon Junction Transistor Teal TI, Dallas, TX, USA 5
1958 Van Allen Belts Van Allen Ames, IA, USA 4
1959 Point-to-point Microwave Radio Numerous Vancouver, Canada 7
1959 Texaco/TR Computer-Controlled Numerous Port Arthur, Tx, USA 5
1959 Tunnel Diode Esaki Tokyo, Japan 10
1960 COBOL Numerous Washington, DC, USA 2
1962 GE Light Emitting Diode Numerous Syracuse, NY, USA 1
1962 Implantable Pacemaker Greatbach Clarence, NewYork 1
1962 Unimation Industrial Robot Numerous Danbury, Ma, USA 1
1962 Space War: 1st Computer Game Russell/Graetz/Wiitanen Brand, Stanford University, USA 6
1963 Langmuir Lab Numerous New Mexico 6
1963 Instant replay Tony Verna Philadelphia 2
1964 IBM 360 Numerous Endicott, NY, USA 1
1964 Laser Holography Numerous Inventors Ann Arbor, MI, USA 4
1964 Voltage-controlled Music Synth Moog Trumansburg, NY, USA 1
1965 PDP-8 Numerous Boston, MA, USA 1
1965 Affordable Home Smoke Detector Lakewood Colorado, USA 5
1967 Dolby Sound Dolby London, England 1
1967 Viterbi Algorithm Viterbi California, USA 6
197? Computer Assisted Tomography (CAT) scans Allan Cormack and Godfrey Hounsfeld England 8
1970 Pascal Wirth Zurich, Switzerland 8
1970 Codd's Relational Database Paper Codd San Jose, CA, USA 6
1971 Intel 4004 Grove et al. Silicon Valley, USA 6 Solid State Circuits Society, Robotics and Automation Society, Power Electronics Society, Circuits and Systems Society, Computer Society, Consumer Electronics Society, Industrial Electronics Society, Instrumentation and Measurement Society
1971 Microprocessor Hoff et al. Silicon Valley, USA 6 Solid State Circuits Society, Robotics and Automation Society, Power Electronics Society, Circuits and Systems Society, Computer Society, Consumer Electronics Society, Industrial Electronics Society, Instrumentation and Measurement Society
1972 Cochlear Implant Graeme/Clark Australia 10 Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society; Signal Processing Society, Social Implications of Technology Society, Consumer Electronics Society, Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
1973 Ethernet Metcalfe EtPaloAlto, CA, USA 6 Computer Society, Consumer Electronics Society, Industrial Electronics Society, Professional Communication Society
1974 First PCs (Scelbi-8h Mark-8 A) Numerous Englewood, NJ, USA 1
1979 Oracle Database Ellison Menlo Park, CA, USA 6
1979, 1980 Rechargeable lithium-ion battery Goodenough, Yazami, Yoshino Oxford and Grenoble 8
1980 Mandelbrot article on fractals Mandlebrot Yorktown Heights, NY, USA 1
1981 Scanning Tunneling Microscope IBM Labs Zurich, Switzerland 8
1982 Sun 1 Palo Alto CA, USA 6
1990 Daubechie wavelet (used for signal processing) Ingrid Daubechie at Courant Institute New York City, USA 1