Milestone-Proposal:Early Broadcast


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Docket #:2017-06</div> This is a draft proposal, that has not yet been submitted. To submit this proposal, click on "Edit with form", check the "Submit this proposal for review" box at the bottom, and save the page.


To the proposer’s knowledge, is this achievement subject to litigation? No

Is the achievement you are proposing more than 25 years old? Yes

Is the achievement you are proposing within IEEE’s fields of interest? (e.g. “the theory and practice of electrical, electronics, communications and computer engineering, as well as computer science, the allied branches of engineering and the related arts and sciences” – from the IEEE Constitution) Yes

Did the achievement provide a meaningful benefit for humanity? Yes

Was it of at least regional importance? Yes

Has an IEEE Organizational Unit agreed to pay for the milestone plaque(s)? No

Has an IEEE Organizational Unit agreed to arrange the dedication ceremony? No

Has the IEEE Section in which the milestone is located agreed to take responsibility for the plaque after it is dedicated? No

Has the owner of the site agreed to have it designated as an Electrical Engineering Milestone? No


Year or range of years in which the achievement occurred:

1902

Title of the proposed milestone:

Early Wireless Broadcast - 1902

Plaque citation summarizing the achievement and its significance:

From the courthouse square of Murray, KY, Nathan B. Stubblefield conducted a public demonstration of wireless broadcasting. A large crowd watched and listened as one transmitter sent voice and music to five receivers. The transmission medium was the earth beneath their feet. Wherever receiving rods were inserted around town, the broadcast was heard. Stubblefield, a local farmer and electrical experimenter, ushered in the future of wireless broadcast news, weather, and entertainment.

In what IEEE section(s) does it reside?

Region 3 Section TBD

IEEE Organizational Unit(s) which have agreed to sponsor the Milestone:

IEEE Organizational Unit(s) paying for milestone plaque(s):


IEEE Organizational Unit(s) arranging the dedication ceremony:


IEEE section(s) monitoring the plaque(s):


Milestone proposer(s):

Proposer name: Proposer's name masked to public
Proposer email: Proposer's email masked to public

Please note: your email address and contact information will be masked on the website for privacy reasons. Only IEEE History Center Staff will be able to view the email address.

Street address(es) and GPS coordinates of the intended milestone plaque site(s):

TBD

Describe briefly the intended site(s) of the milestone plaque(s). The intended site(s) must have a direct connection with the achievement (e.g. where developed, invented, tested, demonstrated, installed, or operated, etc.). A museum where a device or example of the technology is displayed, or the university where the inventor studied, are not, in themselves, sufficient connection for a milestone plaque.

Please give the address(es) of the plaque site(s) (GPS coordinates if you have them). Also please give the details of the mounting, i.e. on the outside of the building, in the ground floor entrance hall, on a plinth on the grounds, etc. If visitors to the plaque site will need to go through security, or make an appointment, please give the contact information visitors will need. TBD I envision placing the IEEE plaque on the town square, where the demonstration took place and an area that is readily accessible to the public and walking distance from the site of Stubblefields farm - now part of Murray State University.

Are the original buildings extant?

The town square is still there, including the courthouse.

Details of the plaque mounting:

TBD

How is the site protected/secured, and in what ways is it accessible to the public?

TBD

Who is the present owner of the site(s)?

City of Murray, KY

What is the historical significance of the work (its technological, scientific, or social importance)?

While others, including Marconi, sought to demonstrate that a wireless connection was possible between two distant sites, Stubblefield's vision was much broader, and, for this vision, the 1902 broadcast demonstration eclipsed those efforts. He was able to not only demonstrate point-to-point communications, he demonstrated point-to-multipoint communications, plus a practical application, known today as broadcast. He demonstrated that information content equivalent to a face-to-face encounter could be wirelessly transmitted toa large target audience in real time.

What obstacles (technical, political, geographic) needed to be overcome?

The most obvious obstacle was lack of good, timely knowledge regarding other experimenters. Ironically, the very technology that Stubblefield and others were attempting to develop, could have solved this problem. A lack of formal education in the physical sciences was also a contributor to Stubblefield's work, but he availed himself of every printed resource he could get his hands on. As an independent inventor, away from the mainstream of scientific endeavor in America, he remarkably produced, on his meager financial resources, complex working models to demonstrate his claims.

What features set this work apart from similar achievements?

The primary thing that set Stubblefield's work apart from similar achievements was that, from the beginning, he concentrated on voice transmission - wireless telephony. He received an 1888 patent for what, today, we call a "tin can telephone". That device was commercialized and installations were made in at least half-a-dozen states by Stubblefield himself or one of his franchise owners. Obviously, this niche market disappeared as electrical telephones moved into rural areas and offered superior performance and versatility. Being forced out of the connected telephone market, Stubblefield put his time and meager financial resources into developing his electrical wireless telephone - and, along the way, broadcasting.

References to establish the dates, location, and importance of the achievement: Minimum of five (5), but as many as needed to support the milestone, such as patents, contemporary newspaper articles, journal articles, or citations to pages in scholarly books. You must supply the texts or excerpts themselves, not just the references. At least one of the references must be from a scholarly book or journal article.

TBD

Supporting materials (supported formats: GIF, JPEG, PNG, PDF, DOC): All supporting materials must be in English, or if not in English, accompanied by an English translation. You must supply the texts or excerpts themselves, not just the references. For documents that are copyright-encumbered, or which you do not have rights to post, email the documents themselves to ieee-history@ieee.org. Please see the Milestone Program Guidelines for more information.

TBD

Please email a jpeg or PDF a letter in English, or with English translation, from the site owner(s) giving permission to place IEEE milestone plaque on the property, and a letter (or forwarded email) from the appropriate Section Chair supporting the Milestone application to ieee-history@ieee.org with the subject line "Attention: Milestone Administrator"